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5 Notable Women in History Who Changed the World

Over the years, history has seen some inspiring, and powerful women, who have contributed to fighting for women’s rights. They made impacts in every aspect of life including education, politics, and inventions. These five women will forever be remembered in history, amongst others, as having contributed to women’s rights today.

Maya Angelou (1928 – 2014):

Maya Angelou was an American memoirist, popular poet and civil rights activist. She was best known for her series of seven autobiographies, which was focused on her childhood and early adult experiences. Over the years, her work has been considered a defense of Black culture. Angelou was valued as a spokesperson for Black people and women. Her literary works centered on racism, identity, family and travel.

Angelou’s book, When I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, which was published in 1969 was            praised for paving the way for female writers, who were at the marginalized to the point that              they couldn’t present themselves as the central characters in their books. She received many            accolades including a Pulitzer Prize nomination for her book “Just Give Me a Cool Drink of                Water ‘Fore I Diiie.” She was also awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011.

Eleanor Roosevelt (1884 – 1962):

Eleanor Roosevelt was an American politician, diplomat, pacifist and activist. She was the first lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945, making her the longest serving first lady of the United States. When her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt had a paralytic illness, she started attending campaign events in his place. She made public appearances of his behalf and reshaped the role of first lady.

Although, a controversial lady at the time for her outspoken nature, she advocated for roles of women in the workplace, the civil rights of African-Americans and Asian Americans, and the right of World War II refugees. Lady Roosevelt served as the first chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights.

Marie Curie (1867 – 1934):

Marie Salomea Sklodowska- Curie was a Polish and naturalized French Physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person to win a Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two scientific fields.

Marie Curie founded the Curie Institute in Paris in 1920 and the Curie Institute in Warsaw in 1932. She developed the radiography units to provide X-ray services to field hospitals during World War I. She was voted the “most inspirational woman in science”, in a 2009 poll carried out by New Scientist.

Sally Ride (1951- 2012):

Sally Ride was an American astronaut and physicist. She was the first American woman and the third woman to fly in space. Ride was the youngest American astronaut to have flown in space at the age of 32. She received the National Space Society’s von Braun Award and was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame. She was also awarded the NASA Space Flight Medal twice.

Grace Hopper (1906 – 1992):

Grace Hopper was an American computer scientist, mathematician, and the United States Navy rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer. She developed the first COBOL compilers. She strongly believed that a programming language based on English was possible and led the release of some of the first compiled languages.

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Written by Monsurat

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